eSignal 12 - Chart Window Basics

This article provides an overview for using the Chart Window in version 12.  For Chart Studies and Drawing Tools, click here

New Chart 
Insert Symbol / Multiple - Overlay symbols
Insert Interval
Symbol and Interval Linking
Data Window
Time Templates
Style Templates
Chart Properties
Edit Chart
Chart Type
Trading

New Chart  
To open a new chart, click the New button from the main menu then select Chart. A keyboard shortcut (Control +1) is also available. 



Alternatively, when you are using a window such as the Watch List you can right-click a symbol from the other window types and a drop-down menu will display. The menu will display an option to open a chart. Click Chart and a new chart window for that issue will display.



Insert Multiple Symbols / Overlay Symbols
To insert multiple symbols in a chart window, right-click the mouse inside the chart and select Insert Symbol. The "Insert Symbol" window will open prompting the boxes to insert the desired symbol and interval, it will also display the box to select the chart type for the new symbol.

Located to the right of the symbol and interval boxes you will see the  "As main symbol" and "As main Interval" boxes. By leaving the "As main symbol and " As main interval un-checked, the symbol and interval will be independent from the main symbol / interval.

To overlay the symbol in the main chart check the "Overlay the main chart" box. If you want the 'new' symbol to be displayed in its own sub-chart below the main chart leave the "Overlay the main chart" unchecked.



The image above displays two symbols $INDU and $RUT in their own, while WFC is overlaid on top of the main chart.

To remove an overlaid symbol from the main chart or from a sub-chart, click the line chart or bars for the symbol you wish to remove, the line will be selected (little square boxes along the line or bars will appear), click the Delete key in your keyboard. You can also remove the inserted symbols using the "Edit chart" window and selecting the symbol that will be removed and clicking the "X" located on top of that column.



Insert Interval
There are two methods for entering a chart interval.  The interval can be changed by typing the interval number (i.e. 5 if it is going to be a five minute chart) or by typing a comma (,) to enter non minute intervals such as D (Daily), W (Weekly), M (Monthly). 

The second way to enter an interval is by clicking on the interval (little clock) icon located next to the interval box.  Selecting the interval icon will display a variety of default intervals to choose from. Click here for a description of Tick Based intervals. Note: Tick-based intervals such as Range Bars, Tick Bars, Volume Bars, etc. have been optimized and are now built much faster and use a lot less memory.
 
 
Symbol and Interval Linking
The Symbol Linking feature allows you to link two or more windows together.  Once the symbol link has been activated, a symbol change in one window will be automatically reflected in all of windows that have been linked with the same color.  To link two or more windows together just click on the Symbol Linking button in each window and select the same color. If you want to make sure your chart is not link, click the Interval Linking button and select 'No symbol Link'.




Interval Linking makes possible to link two or more Chart Windows together by the Interval.  Once the Interval Linking has been activated, changing the interval in one chart will change the same interval across all linked charts.  



Time Templates
Time Templates allow the user to set templates for specific start and end times that will display data in the Chart Window. Time Templates can also be used to specify the number of days or bars that the chart will load at any given time. To edit or create a time template, right-click the mouse inside the Chart Window, go to Time Templates, then click on Edit and the window below will appear:


   
To create a new Time Template, click on the plus sign  in the top left hand corner of the Time Template Window. 

Name: In the Name Field, provide a name for the new template. 

Data Range: Use this feature to request a range of data to be loaded on the chart.  Rather that scrolling back to request more data, a set amount of data can be preloaded on the chart using this feature.  Dynamic is checked by default.  Uncheck this setting if you wish to use the static view (quotes are not updated).  You can choose to load a set number of days or bars using the drop down menu. 

Sessions:   Auto will set the start and end times based on when the exchanges opens and closes.  You can customize the start and end times by checking Custom and entering the times manually. You can set up to four different time templates. Click Close to save changes. 

To load your Time Template on the Chart Window, right click in the Chart Window, go to Time Templates and then select your Time Template. 

Style Templates
Style Templates allow you to customize a window in eSignal in terms of color, font, indicators and more, save those settings as a default to open in a new chart. Also, you can save those settings as a file that can be applied to any chart.

You can access the Style Template feature by clicking the Style Templates icon at the top of the chart or by right-clicking the mouse in the chart and selecting Style Templates in the drop-down menu.



Click here for more information about Style Templates.

Chart Properties
To access the Chart Properties, right click the chart and select Properties.  This menu allows you to further customize the chart settings which include:

Background and Grid
Scales
Data Window
Cursor
Status Line
Snapshot bar
Trading

Background and Grid
There are several background color settings that can be customized in this menu along with Grid Line style (solid vs. broken lines).  Session Breaks controls the vertical divide between sessions.  Show Stack Studies Tabs on Bottom controls the display of the tabs (either above or below the study).  You can also toggle the different Chart Marker Labels on/off.



Chart Markers
When enabled the Chart Marker Labels will display an icon at the bottom of a Chart Window indicating when a stock Splits, Issued Diviends, Earnings, or where it hit its 52 week High/Low.  The actual amounts are displayed on the label, but if you’d like to see the date as well, just hover your mouse cursor over the marker to see those details.



Scales
The Scales refer to the area at the very bottom (x-axis) which is called Time Scale and right (y-axis) of the chart, which is called Price Scale. You can change settings for the scales by opening Chart Properties and then clicking Scales.
 


The Scale Properties allows you to change the scales background color and text configuration. You can also set the price scale to display on the left side or on the right side, and remove the Time Scale.

Checking the box for Whitespace, will create a space any time there is a bar period without any activity instead of eliminating each of these periods from the chart. There is the also an option to include spaces for weekends and holidays The value of this is when you want to be able to maintain trendline slopes or parallel lines when switching time frames. Since this is just space created for intervals periods that don't really exist for a symbol, you will not be able to start or end any drawing tools in a blank area.

Also, in the scale properties window you can increase or decrease the Top, Bottom and Right margins and change the Bar Spacing and Bar Width to ensure bars and candles are drawn and spaced evenly throughout the chart; opposite to smooth scaling, which allows for unlimited compression.

Data Window
The Data Window is the small information panel within the chart window that displays information such the symbol, date, time, open, high, low, and close.  It also displays vaules studies that are applied to a chart. You can click and drag the Data Window to move it within the chart.
 


To customize the Data Window settings, right click the chart or Data Window and select Properties.  On the left hand side, make sure that Data Window is selected.  Set the Data Window to be visible, auto-hide it, or remove it. Change the font type, style, and size as well as the colors for the window background and text.

 
Check or uncheck (disable) the following settings:
Compact Mode allows you to abbreviate the labels to save on space.
Inputs Values for Studies will display the study inputs found under the Edit Chart, Properties tab.
Choose to display or hide the Date, Time, Price.
Bar# counts the total number of bars loaded on the chart and identifies the bar # where the cursor is placed.  If there are 100 bars loaded and your mouse is hovered over the first bar the display would read 1/100.  If you hover over the current bar the display would read 100/100.
Bar Index counts the current bar as 0.  Moving backwards, it will act as a bar counter.  For example, if you move 5 bars behind the current bar the display will read -5. 
Transparency allows you to see through the window so that the bars in the Chart Window do not get hidden behind the Data Window.

To change the color of the Open, High, Low, and Close text in the Data Window, right-click in chart and select Edit Chart. Hightlight the chart symbol and left-click on the color control button next to Text in Data Window and select the desired color from the color palette.
 
 
Cursor
This settings allow you to customize the chart cursor. You can set the cursor to be visible, invisible or to auto-hide for inactive windows. Checking the box for Cross Pointer will display a little cross in the location where the horizontal and vertical lines cross wherever the cursor is pointed.  You can edit the style (solid vs. broken lines) and color of the Cross Lines.  Cross pointer turns displays a cross in place of the white pointer arrow.  Show Cursor Labels displays the labels in the X and Y axis for date/time and price.  
 
You can enable Cursor Tracking by making the cursor visible by checking Always Visible and checking boxes for Track Time and Track Price in charts.


Status Line
Located at the top-left corner of the chart area, the Status Line shows the symbol, description of the symbol, interval in use, and the Time Template. The Status Line contains also the Countdown which displays the amount of time left before a new bar appears. In our example below, we have a 5 minutes chart for the e-mini S&P 500 and the countdown started counting regressively from 5:00 for the current bar. To enable the Countdown, right click the chart and select Properties.  Under the Status Line menu on the left side add a checkmark to Show Countdown.



Use this menu to edit the font type, style, and size.  Toggle the OHLC Values and Study Titles by checking/unchecking the corresponding boxes.  You can also choose to display the symbol vs. description. 



Edit Chart
To access the Edit Chart window, right-click the mouse inside the chart, then select Edit Chart.  The Edit Chart window will allow you to edit the symbol and interval as well as the Chart Style and bar color. You can change the symbol and interval using this menu.

You can choose to display the color of the bars based on current price bar or color bars based on previous close. This last setting will set the bar to display green if the Close for that bar is greater than the Close in the previous bar, or display it red if the Close for a specific bar is lower than the Close in the previous bar. 



For Daily Charts, you can choose to use the settlement price as the close instead of the last price as the close. To use the settlement price check the box for Use Settlement price as Close.  Please note that this feature only affects symbols that have large trading periods after the settle is released such as the Dax, Gold, and Silver futures.  Currently Intraday Charts don't have the option of toggling the Settlement price on.  
 
Resolve Out-of-Range Bars
In some cases a symbol may have the Open or Close outside of a bar’s range (i.e. High or Low). By default this feature is enabled, however you can now disable this functionality in any given chart so as to view the data as sent from an exchange.
 
 
Chart Refresh
To refresh the chart, right-click the Title Bar of the chart and select refresh.  Or click the F5 button on your keyboard. 

Chart Type
In the Edit Chart menu, you can choose from a wide array of chart types including Bar, Candle, Histogram, Area and Line charts. Additionally the following chart types are also available from this menu:
 
Point and Figure Charts
Renko Charts
Kagi Charts
Price Break Charts
Volume Delta (Add-on Service)

Snapshot Bar
The Snapshot Bar displays the Open, High, Low, Last, and Change for the symbol in the chart.



You can add or remove the Snapshot Bar by right-clicking the mouse inside the chart and selecting Snapshot Bar. You can change the display mode and defaults settings for this bar by opening Chart Properties.
 
Tabular Mode
You can customize the display of the Tabular Mode.
 

 
Trading
You can customize the display of your Bid/Ask lines, executions, positions, and orders in the Chart Properties' Trading window:
 


Trading: You can make the Bid/Ask lines, executions, positions, and orders to display in the chart only when the trading panel is open by checking the box for Visible With Trading Panel Only.
Bid/Ask Lines: Check box to display Bid/Ask lines. You can set the horizontal alignment Right, Left, Center.
Executions: Check boxes to display arrows and text.
Positions: Check boxes to display positions and PL.
Orders: Check boxes to display the orders and extend the line displaying the orders.